Danh dự là gì? Nhân phẩm và danh dự có mối quan hệ gì?

Honor is one of the factors used to judge people. This is considered a noble quality, a measure that helps us gain the respect and trust of others. So what is honor and what to do when others insult your honor and dignity?

1. What is honor?

1.1 The concept of honor

Currently, the law does not have a specific regulation or concept of honor. But it is respected by society, recognized and protected by the Constitution and laws, no one has the right to infringe.

Honor is simply understood as the respect of public opinion towards an individual or organization based on good moral and spiritual values. This is also a premise to affirm the role and reputation of people.

Honor helps people gain respect and trust from others

1.2 What is English Honors?

Honor when translated into English can be “honour”.

Examples of honor in English are as follows: I swore an oath of honor, never to abandon you.

See more: The meaning of dignity to each person’s personal morality What is the role of morality in modern society? Expression and meaning of respect for rightness in life

2. What is the relationship between honor and dignity?

It can be said that honor and dignity are closely related. They support each other, creating the value of each person. Dignity is a human value, a standard for assessing the good and bad of an individual in society. It includes moral qualities, sense of responsibility, self-esteem, honesty, etc. Honor is the result of the process of building and protecting human dignity.

Not only that, according to Article 20 of the 2013 Constitutional Law, honor and dignity are both rights recognized and protected by law.

name-du-la-gi-voh-1Honor and dignity have a close relationship, helping to create the value of each person

Honorable people not only know how to maintain dignity but also make themselves recognized by everyone through tireless and non-stop contributions to society. When knowing how to protect their own honor, each individual will have more motivation and mental strength to do many useful things and stay away from bad things.

Money lost can be regained. However, when individuals lose their honor and dignity, they lose their qualities and values ​​as a person. They may lose trust, be isolated, and have difficulty building social relationships. Therefore, the protection of honor and dignity is very important. To do that, we need to adhere to ethical principles, behave properly, and avoid actions that hurt others.

More than that, we also need to cultivate a sincere, honest heart. Learn to live for others, not just for yourself. People are only truly happy when they bring joy to those around them.

See more: Why people living in the world must have self-esteem?

3. The expression of a person of honor

Honor is a precious and noble quality that people always aim for. People with honor are always respected by society for having good qualities, meeting ethical standards and correct behavior.

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In life, the honorable person is an honest, sincere and respectful person, always keeping his promises and treating everyone fairly. They have self-respect but are not conceited, conceited or arrogant, not jealous or envious of others.

Honorable people always uphold the value of dignity, consider it a valuable asset in life and are ready to protect it in any way. All these virtues create a perfect picture of a person of honor – a person who is respectable and trustworthy in the eyes of everyone.

Here are some signs of a person of honor in society:

  • Responsibility: People with honor often live responsibly with themselves and society. They always live and work according to the consciousness and principles that they set out to avoid entangled in bad things.
  • Devotion: They live their lives wholeheartedly for the sake of life and the community and constantly contribute and work to benefit the society.
  • Honesty: An honorable person knows how to keep his promises, tell the truth, and do not lie or deceive others for personal gain.
  • Respect: Respect, care for everyone and never act or say anything that offends anyone’s dignity and honor.
  • Fairness: They treat everyone fairly, without discriminating against anyone. They use their sincere hearts to love and help people.

name-du-la-gi-voh-2People with honor are responsible, honest, dedicated and kind people

In short, people with honor often lead meaningful lives, earning respect and moral appreciation from everyone. Therefore, they always have an important position and role in life.

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4. The role of honor for people

What is human honor that we must uphold and strive to be honorable people? This is probably the question that many people wonder and care about the most. Because if simply understanding honor is the evaluation of others, there is no need for legal recognition and protection.

Honor has a great influence on everyone’s life. Honor is the basis for recognizing the prestige and quality of each individual. If a person has honor can help them gain respect, support and trust from others. At the same time, they also access and achieve more opportunities in life.

Honor is an important quality to affirm the moral, spiritual and beautiful lifestyle of people. Because people with honor will be respected, trusted and assigned to many great responsibilities by society.

name-du-la-gi-voh-3Honor is a premise to improve prestige, helping individuals receive the support and love of those around them

On the contrary, the person without honor will not have the respect and good judgment of others. From there, it can be difficult to find a job, build a relationship, or even cause legal problems.

In addition, honor also affects the feelings and relationships of each person in society. A person of honor is a person with good qualities and qualities, which helps to create close relationships with others. They are reliable and sincere people, able to attract many friends and colleagues in life.

5. Laws on acts of infringing upon the honor and dignity of others

The State has promulgated regulations to protect the honor and dignity of each individual and organization. Depending on the nature, extent and consequences of the act of offending the honor of others, the levels of administrative and criminal sanctions and compensation for damage vary.

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5.1 Regarding administrative sanctions

According to Decree 144/2021/ND-CP, administrative sanctions are imposed for offending and defaming other people’s honor but not to the extent of criminal prosecution.

  • For law enforcement officers:

Pursuant to Article 21, a fine ranging from VND 4,000,000 to VND 6,000,000 shall be imposed on persons who insult, threaten or insult the dignity and honor of official duty performers with words or acts.

  • For family members:

According to the provisions of Article 54:

A fine ranging from VND 5,000,000 to VND 10,000,000 shall be imposed for slandering, insulting or insulting the honor and dignity of family members.

A fine ranging from VND 10,000,000 to VND 20,000,000 shall be imposed for acts such as disclosing or distributing documents and documents belonging to family members’ private secrets in order to offend the honor and dignity; using the media to offend the honor and dignity of family members; disseminating and distributing leaflets, articles and images aimed at offending the honor and dignity of victims.

For other cases:

Pursuant to Article 7, a fine ranging from VND 2,000,000 to VND 3,000,000 shall be imposed for provoking, teasing, insulting, insulting or defaming the honor and dignity of others.

name-du-la-gi-voh-4The law stipulates administrative fines for those who commit acts of offending the honor of others

5.2 Regarding criminal handling

Acts of infringing upon the honor and dignity of others may be subject to criminal prosecution.

  • Crime of humiliating others

Pursuant to Article 155 of the Penal Code 2015 (amended in 2017), a fine of between VND 10,000,000 and 30,000,000 or non-custodial reform for up to 3 years is required for those who commit acts of seriously offending their dignity. honor others.

The maximum penalty for this crime is imprisonment from 2 to 5 years. In addition, offenders may also be banned from practicing certain occupations or doing certain jobs and from holding certain posts for 1 to 5 years.

According to the provisions of Article 156 of the Penal Code 2015 (amended in 2017), a person who fabricates or spreads things known to be untrue in order to seriously offend his dignity or honor or cause damage to his/her rights, the legitimate interests of others shall be subject to a fine of between VND 10,000,000 and 50,000,000, non-custodial reform for up to 2 years or a prison term of between 3 months and 1 year.

The maximum penalty can be up to 3 years to 7 years in prison. In addition, offenders may also be subject to a fine of between VND 10,000,000 and 50,000,000, a ban from holding certain posts, practicing certain professions or doing certain jobs for 1 to 5 years.

  • Insult other people’s honor in some special cases

According to Article 391 of the Penal Code 2015 (amended in 2017), a fine of between VND 10,000,000 and VND 100,000,000, non-custodial reform for up to 3 years or a prison term of between 6 months and 2 years, is imposed. seriously the honor and dignity of judges, jurors, other competent procedure-conducting persons or participants in court sessions or meetings. The maximum penalty for this crime is imprisonment from 1 to 3 years.

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Article 397 of the Penal Code 2015 (amended in 2017) stipulates that anyone in a working relationship who commits acts of seriously infringing upon the dignity and honor of a teammate shall be subject to non-custodial reform for up to 2 years or imprisonment. from 3 months to 2 years. The maximum penalty is imprisonment from 2 to 5 years.

name-du-la-gi-voh-5Serious offenses against the dignity and honor of others may result in criminal prosecution

5.3 About liability for damages

When a person commits an act of insulting the honor of another person, in addition to the above sanctioning measures, he must also compensate the victim.

Article 592 of the 2015 Civil Code stipulates that damage caused by infringing upon honor, dignity or reputation includes reasonable expenses to limit and remedy the damage; real income lost or reduced; other damages prescribed by law.

The offender must pay compensation according to the above provisions and an amount of money to compensate for the mental loss suffered by the victim. The amount of compensation will be agreed upon by both parties. If the two parties cannot reach an agreement, the maximum level for a person whose honor, dignity or reputation has been infringed shall not exceed ten times the base salary prescribed by the State.

name-du-la-gi-voh-6Regarding liability for damages, the amount to compensate for mental loss will be agreed upon by both parties

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6. Proverbs about honor

Since ancient times, folk songs and proverbs have become a popular genre of Vietnamese folklore with many themes associated with the sentiments and life experiences of his father. This is the source of affection, helping to protect and nourish the human soul. The proverbs and proverbs about honor deeply express the spiritual life and thought of the people. From there, we learn valuable lessons for ourselves.

  1. Honor is more precious than money.
  2. It is better to die standing than to live kneeling.
  3. Honor dead than live humiliated.
  4. The path of humanity is not worn.
  5. Hunger than life.
  6. Eat a piece of an hour for a lifetime.
  7. Torn shirt the way the loved one.


  1. Keep your clothes when you’re new, keep your reputation when you’re young.
  2. Torn paper to keep margins.
  3. Hungry for clean tear for flavor.
  4. Good reputation is better than good clothes.
  5. Do not stoop, bend your knees, or slam your head.
  6. Do not despise people.
  7. Tigers die for their skin, people die for their reputation.
  8. It’s better to have a reputation than a piece.
  9. The dead are still alive.

Once the concept as well as the role of honor is clearly understood, people need to practice a beautiful lifestyle and do many good deeds to improve their own prestige. Let’s learn to recognize right from wrong, distinguish right from wrong, nurture ourselves to be an honorable person and learn to respect the honor of others.

Image source: Canva

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