Instructions for solving, summarizing lesson content and doing exercises for lesson 4: Southeast Asian countries Late 19th century early 20th century – page 17 history grade 11. All questions include the middle and the end of the lesson. are explained by Baivan.net in detail, easy to understand and concise. We refer to learn history well 4 lesson 4: Southeast Asian countries Late 19th century early 20th century. Let’s learn with trungcapyduoctphcm.edu.vn at the end of the 19th century that most of Southeast Asia became colonies of ?
Video of historic Southeast Asian countries 11
I. Guide to answering questions in the middle of the article Southeast Asian countries Late 19th century early 20th century
Question 1: Based on the diagram, present the main features of the invasion process of the….
Based on the diagram, present the main features of the invasion process of the imperialist countries in Southeast Asia? – Which countries in Southeast Asia have been occupied by French colonists since the second half of the twentieth century?
Since the middle of the nineteenth century, Western colonial countries have basically completed their invasion of Southeast Asian countries except Siam:
- In Indonesia, right from the 15th and 16th centuries, the Spanish, Portuguese, and Dutch colonialists were present and gradually dominated the market. By the middle of the nineteenth century, the Netherlands completed its conquest and established colonial rule in this country.
- The Philippines was also under Spanish colonial rule from the mid-16th century. After winning the war with Spain in 1898, the American empire immediately waged a war to invade the Philippines (1899-1902) and turned this archipelago into its colony.
- In Burma (now Myanmar), from 1824 to 1885, British colonialists waged three wars of aggression. In 1885, Britain annexed Burma and incorporated it into a province of British India.
- Malaysia (now part of Malaysia and Singapore) was soon intervened by capitalist countries. At the beginning of the twentieth century, Malaysia completely became a British colony.
- Three countries Vietnam, Laos, Cambodia are the objects of invasion of the French colonialists. By the end of the nineteenth century, France had completed the invasion and began to implement the policy of colonial exploitation and exploitation.
- Particularly Siam became the “buffer zone” of the British and French empires.
Question 2: Presenting the main developments of the uprisings against the French colonialists….
Presenting the main developments of the uprisings against the French colonialists of the Cambodian people?
The Cambodian people’s resistance war against French colonialism is represented in the following three uprisings:
- Sivotha is Norodom’s half-brother. Disgruntled with the weak attitude of the court towards the Siamese and French troops, he gathered a large number of people to rebel and attack the French in the ancient capital of U-dong and Phnom Penh. expand the area of operation. By October 1892, he died of serious illness; then the movement waned and disbanded.
- The revolt of Ahazoa (1863-1866) took place in the provinces bordering Vietnam, causing the French colonialists many great losses.
- The uprising of Phucombo (1866-1867) not only showed the heroic and indomitable spirit of the Cambodian people but also symbolized the fighting alliance of the two peoples of Vietnam. and Cambodia in the struggle against the French colonialists.
Question 3: The people of Vietnam and Cambodia have united to fight…the process of colonialism’s invasion of Southeast Asian countries
How did the peoples of Vietnam and Cambodia unite to fight in the uprisings of A-cha Xoa and Pu-com-bo?
The peoples of Vietnam and Cambodia united to fight in the uprisings of A-cha Xoa and Pu-com-bo. That is shown:
- During the uprising of A-cha-xa (1863-1866):
At first, Ah-chasha joined Sivotha’s movement. Because this movement was suppressed, he and many insurgents had to flee to Vietnam—in the Chau Doc, Tinh Bien areas. The Vietnamese people are willing to help Ahazoa fight against the French.From the mountains of That Son, Ah-chasha took Chau Doc and Ha Tien as a springboard to attack the French in Cambodia. In 1864, once the insurgents captured the province of Cambodia and approached Phnom Penh. The activities of the insurgents in the years 1864 -1865 became stronger. The Vietnam-Cambodia border became the base area for Acha Xoa’s uprising. On March 19, 1866, due to a severe injury, Achao was arrested by the French.
- During the Pu-com-bo uprising (1866-1867):
Pucombo is a famous monk among the people, having taken refuge in Southern Laos for 17 years. In 1866, he launched an uprising against the French and established a base in Tay Ninh. The insurgents including Khmer, Cham, X-language, Kinh, Truong Quyen (son of Truong Dinh) and Vo Duy Duong (Thien Ho Duong) joined forces with Pucombo insurgents to fight the French. When the force was strong, Pucombo marched back home, controlled Paman, attacked Udong (December 17, 1866). The Vietnamese people in three provinces in the southwestern region of South Vietnam regularly provided food and weapons to the insurgents. On December 3, 1867, Pucombo died in battle.
Question 4: Name typical uprisings in the anti-French movement….
What are the typical uprisings in the anti-French movement of the Lao people in the early twentieth century?
Typical uprisings in the anti-French movement of the Lao people in the early twentieth century:
- 1901 – 1903: Phacaduc’s uprising
- 1901 – 1937: The uprising was led by Ong Keo, Com – ma – Dam.
- 1918 – 1922: Chau Pa uprising – vegetarian.
Question 5: Describe the reform measures of Rama V?
- Agriculture: In order to quickly increase the amount of rice exported, the state reduces the field tax, abolishes the labor system.
- Industry and commerce: encouraging the private sector to invest in business, build factories, open shops, and banks
- Reform according to the Western model.
- The head of state is still the king.
- Help has a state council (parliament).
- The government has 12 ministers.
- The army, the courts, and the schools were reformed according to the Western model.
- About society: abolish slavery, emancipate workers.
- Foreign Affair:
- Implement a flexible foreign policy.
- Taking advantage of the buffer water position.
- Taking advantage of the conflict between the two forces, Britain and France, chose a favorable direction to keep the country’s sovereignty.
Question 6: What did the reforms of Rama V mean for….
What did the reforms of Rama V mean for the development of Siam?
The reform opened a new stage of comprehensive development for Siamese society. The most important success is that Siam has abolished slavery, liberated labor, and contributed to the development of the economy. The Siamese economy has moved from being a subsistence economy to a capitalist commodity economy. In agriculture, the natural, self-sufficient economic model was eliminated and replaced by a capitalist commodity economy. Siam has become a prestigious exporter of rice, timber, sugar and many other important commodities in the world. Thanks to economic reform and development, a number of industries, especially mining and infrastructure construction, and railway and road systems, thrived.
The Siamese education system is standardized and modernized, and the intellectual class is increasingly respected and promoted.
The religions are stable, raising the people’s intellectual level and good awareness among the people.
Thanks to a flexible foreign policy, independence and sovereignty are protected.
Despite certain successes, Siam still had to depend heavily on Western countries.
Which country in Southeast Asia did not become a colony of Western colonists?
Question 7: Which country in Southeast Asia did not become a colony of Western colonists?
Siam is the only country in Southeast Asia that did not become a colony of Western capitalist countries, because:
Thanks to the reform policies of Rama V:
+ Comprehensive reform policies in all fields: politics, economy, society, military, education, etc.
+ The reform policies of Siam follow the direction of “opening up”. It was this reform that helped Siam integrate into the general development of world capitalism.
– Thanks to the “flexible” foreign policy:
+ Actively “opening the door”, relations with all countries.
+ Taking advantage of the position of “buffer water” between the two countries England – France.
+ Concession of some dependent lands (which are the territories of Cambodia, Laos and Malaysia) to preserve the country’s sovereignty.
Question 8: By the middle of the 19th century, which empire was India a colony of?
India is a large, populous country. From the beginning of the 17th century, taking advantage of the weakening of India, Western capitalist countries, mainly Britain and France, competed to invade India. By the mid-nineteenth century, British colonialists had completed their invasion and placed a yoke in India
II. INSTRUCTIONS FOR ANSWERING FINAL QUESTIONS
Question 1: If the main features of the situation of Southeast Asian countries at the end….
What if the main features of the situation of Southeast Asian countries in the late 19th and early 20th centuries?
- Southeast Asia is an area with an important geographical position, rich in resources, and the feudal system is in crisis and weakened, so it is inevitable that Western countries will look and invade.
- From the second half of the nineteenth century, Western capitalists stepped up their invasion of Southeast Asia: Britain occupied Malaysia, Burma; France occupied 3 Indochina countries; Spain then America occupied the Philippines; The Netherlands and Portugal occupied Indonesia.
- Siam (Thailand) is the only country in Southeast Asia that still retains its independence, but also becomes a “buffer zone” of British and French capital.
=> Southeast Asia is an important geographical location, rich in resources, and feudalism is in crisis.
Question 2: What do you think about the form of national liberation struggle in….
What do you think about the form of struggle for national liberation in Southeast Asia in the late 19th and early 20th centuries?
Since the 19th century, imperialist countries have expanded and completed their domination of Southeast Asian countries. Most of the countries in this region, except Siam (Thailand) became colonies. The oppression and exploitation of colonialism is the driving force behind the growing national liberation movement in this area.
It is understood that while the feudal class became the henchmen of imperialism, the national bourgeoisie, although still weak, organized the leadership of the national liberation struggle. In particular, the working class has grown up step by step to the arena of national liberation struggle.
Clearly see the main features of the typical liberation struggles of the late 19th and early 20th centuries. In Southeast Asian countries: Indonesia, Philippines, Cambodia, Laos, Vietnam.
At the end of the 19th century and the beginning of the 20th century, Indonesian society had many changes, the investment of foreign capital became stronger and stronger, creating a profound social division. workers and bourgeoisie were born, growing up in national consciousness. Therefore, the patriotic movement took on a new color in the direction of bourgeois democracy.
Comments on the struggle movement of the three Indochina countries:
The struggle movement in Cambodia and Laos in the late 19th century – early 20th century took place continuously and vigorously, the main form of struggle was armed insurrection.
The goal was to fight against the French and gain independence, so the movement had the nature of the national liberation struggle, but it was still in the spontaneous stage.
A movement led by a scholar or a peasant.
The result of the movement was failure due to: spontaneity, lack of solid organization, lack of right way of struggle.
Meaning: Expressing the patriotism and solidarity of the people of the three Indochina countries in the struggle against the French.
=> At the end of the twentieth century, the national liberation movement in Southeast Asia exploded strongly, but all failed, because it was still spontaneous, broke out sporadically without unity among nations, but it would create prerequisites for the following stages.
Question 3: Why is Siam the only country in Southeast Asia that does not become…
Why is Siam the only country in Southeast Asia that did not become a colony of Western countries?
At the end of the nineteenth century, most of the countries in Southeast Asia became colonies, only Siam was the only country in Southeast Asia that did not become a colony of Western countries. This is so because:
- First, Siam was the place for France and Britain to compete for influence.
- Second, thanks to King Rama V’s flexible policy along with domestic advancements in all fields. Specifically, Siam knows how to approach the culture as well as the scientific, technical and military achievements of the West.
- Third, Siam has very clever foreign policies, so Siam is just a buffer zone of empires.
=> Although Siam is the only country that is not a colony, in fact Siam still has to rely heavily on Western countries.
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