Ngành logistics là gì? Cơ hội nghề nghiệp của ngành này ra sao trong tương lai?

The development of Vietnam’s logistics industry has significantly contributed to the increase in the number of logistics enterprises, resulting in an increasing demand for human resources in this field. According to the Vietnam Logistics Report 2018 of the Ministry of Industry and Trade, the demand for logistics human resources may reach 2.2 million people by 2030.

In recent years, along with the development of the economy, Vietnam’s logistics service industry has made great progress and has great growth potential.

Vietnam’s logistics performance index (LPI – Logistics Performance Index) 2018 was announced by the World Bank in its July 2018 report, according to which Vietnam was ranked 39/160 countries participating in the survey, increasing 25 places compared to the 2016 ranking (64/160).

The average growth rate (CAGR) of the number of logistics enterprises in Vietnam from 2013 to 2018 is about 11.63% (Photo: techprevue)

According to data from the General Statistics Office, the fluctuation of the number of logistics enterprises in Vietnam in the period 2013-2018 is as follows: from 17,132 enterprises in 2013 to 2017 increased to 29,123 enterprises and in 2018 was 29,694 enterprises (in which, the Vietnam Association of Logistics Service Enterprises announced that there are over 4,000 logistics enterprises operating professionally and providing international logistics services).

The average growth rate (CAGR) in the number of businesses from 2013 to 2018 is about 11.63%. One highlight is that up to 54% of logistics enterprises are concentrated in Ho Chi Minh City due to the advantage of Ho Chi Minh City in terms of goods sources with import and export activities of Ho Chi Minh City and both the southern key economic region and the Mekong Delta. Long, connecting international transport routes through Tan Son Nhat international airport, as well as a cluster of ports in Ho Chi Minh City, especially the export gateway through Cat Lai port.

Those who work in the logistics industry therefore need to solve the problem of optimizing the flow of materials, materials, goods, services, information, etc. from before being put into production/processing to products. delivered to the final customer must ensure 7 right “right time, right product, right customer, right condition, right quantity, right price, right place” (right time, right product, right customer, right thing) right condition, right quantity, right price, right place).

Dr. Dinh Gia Huy – In charge of Port Management and Logistics Department, University of Transport, Ho Chi Minh City, will provide more information about the Logistics industry as well as the job positions, knowledge and skills needed for young people to have Learn more about career development opportunities in this industry.

* Human demand of the current Logistics and Supply Chain Management industry in our country?

According to a study by the Department of Logistics Management and Multimodal Transport, in the Vietnam Logistics White Paper 2018 published by the Vietnam Logistics Business Association (VLA), staff shortage is one of the three main problems. Weaknesses cause difficulties for logistics companies in developing business activities.

VLA’s forecast by 2030 the professional human resource demand for the whole industry is 200,000 employees. In addition, according to the Vietnam Logistics Report 2018 of the Ministry of Industry and Trade, if the demand for logistics human resources at all levels in logistics enterprises and logistics human resources from manufacturing enterprises is included, the demand for logistics human resources may increase. to 2.2 million people by 2030. Meanwhile, the ability to meet the current demand for logistics human resources is only 10%.

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* Are universities in Vietnam training Logistics and Supply Chain Management?

According to the Vietnam Logistics Report 2021, as of October 2021, Vietnam has had 49 universities out of 286 universities nationwide enrolling and training logistics majors with a total recruitment scale. The number of students is 4,100 and the total number of students studying at the school is about 7,000 students. Hanoi and Ho Chi Minh City have the largest number of training universities (17), the rest are scattered in other provinces and cities.

For the college/intermediate level, there are 69/936 schools offering this subject with the corresponding enrollment targets of 3,560 college students and 2,815 intermediate students.

See also: The number of universities training logistics in Vietnam has increased rapidly

In 2008, Ho Chi Minh City University of Transport was the first school to enroll and train in Logistics and Multimodal Transport in Vietnam.

Faculty of Transportation Economics of the school offers Logistics and Supply Chain Management (code 7510605) with 2 majors: Logistics and Multimodal Transport Management and Logistics and Supply Chain Management. In addition, the school also has a training system awarded by foreign universities with 2 majors in Logistics and Supply Chain Management & Port and Logistics Management.

Currently, the university’s mass, high-quality programs and international links in logistics human resource training are the most diverse in the South. The school also actively cooperates with international companies and organizations in practical training for students such as: The intensive course Logistics operation and Networking for 3rd year students with SGH Foundation Company (Japan). Japan) is one of the leading logistics companies in Japan (The course is sponsored by the Japanese government through the Japanese Ministry of Land, Infrastructure, Transport and Tourism – MLIT); parallel training program between the University and the German Chamber of Commerce and Industry in Vietnam (GIC/AHK VN) and international companies in the field of logistics/freight forwarding of Germany; Student exchange program “Training and Field Practicum on Logistics and Supply Chain Management” organized by Mekong Institute, Khon Kaen University and Thai Beverage Logistics Company (TBL) in Thailand…

logistics human resources The demand for logistics human resources may reach 2.2 million people by 2030 (Photo: teamtransport)

* What combinations of subjects enroll in this industry? What are the admission criteria for this industry in the last few years?

The year 2017 marked a turning point in university-level training for the logistics sector when the Ministry of Education and Training issued Circular 24/2017/TT-BGDĐT on October 10, 2017 announcing the list of education, training level IV university level.

Accordingly, the Logistics and Supply Chain Management industry has its own industry code of 7510605 in the Industrial Management industry group (code 75106). In addition, many universities also simultaneously enroll and train in logistics-related specialties under 07 industry codes, such as: Industrial management (code 7510601), International economics (code 7310106); International business (code 7340120), Business Administration (7340101), Transport operation (code 7840101), Transport economics (code 7840104), Marine science (code 784106)…

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Some combinations of subjects for this major are A00 (Math, Physics, Chemistry), A01 (Math, Physics, English), D90 (Math, Science, English) and D01 (Math, Literature, English) )…

The benchmark of Logistics training industries has tended to increase sharply from 2018 to present. In 2021, Logistics rose to be the “top” industry in the economic group with a benchmark score of 27-28, equivalent to the medical industry.

* Introduce some typical subjects of Logistics and Supply Chain Management?

According to the Vietnam Logistics Report 2021, universities and colleges are currently training logistics majors, and the system of teaching modules for students and trainees at these schools is divided into 2 groups:

Group 1 is the modules on Logistics and Supply Chain such as: Overview of Logistics, Logistics Management, Supply Chain Management, Strategic Logistics and Supply Chain Management, Purchasing Management; Warehouse management, Transportation management, Logistics service business administration, Logistics infrastructure, Logistics information system, Logistics related law…

Group 2 is the other relevant modules such as Foreign Trade Operations, Foreign Trade Transport and Insurance, Forwarding Agents and Customs Declarations, International Payments, International Business, and English for Logistics. ..

Modules on logistics are also taught to two groups of subjects, that is: students studying in the right industry/specialization in logistics and students in other disciplines/specializations but learning logistics-related modules. in the training program.

For example, the Logistics training program of Ho Chi Minh City University of Transport has been diversified with modules such as:

Basic knowledge of economics: Microeconomics, Macroeconomics, Economic Law, etc.

+ Knowledge of industry bases: E-commerce, Commodities, Transport law, Foreign trade operations, International payment, Project management, Strategic management, Marketing management, Quality management…

+ Specialized knowledge: Multimodal transport, Logistics management, Supply chain management, Warehouse and inventory management, Transport and logistics economics, Freight forwarding and customs declaration, Operation analysis business action…

* What knowledge and skills do students need to add to be able to… compete in the job market?

According to the Short Report on Current Situation and Proposal for Human Resource Development for Vietnam Logistics Industry in 2019 researched by VLA/VLI and Aus4skills, logistics enterprises assess the necessary skills for logistics staff, including: Ability to work independently, communication skills, willingness to learn, discipline, knowledge…

Some skills currently students have not achieved such as foreign language skills, teamwork skills, IT skills, etc.

Therefore, students also need to actively and actively participate in activities right from their school days to accumulate knowledge, skills and experience such as club activities, participating in specialized competitions, and internships. , visit businesses, participate in specialized seminars…

* What jobs can graduates of Logistics and Supply Chain Management do? Where?

Students studying Logistics and Supply Chain Management can work in manufacturing companies upon graduation; e-commerce business, forwarding company; Road and rail transport companies; Carriers; Airlines; Logistics companies, distribution centers, supermarkets, logistics centers, retail chains…; Management agencies: Department of Industry and Trade, Department of Transport, Customs …

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Specifically, working in relevant professional departments including: planning, exploitation, marketing, customer service, international business, logistics, material supply, accounting, distribution… with Jobs such as forwarding staff, transportation operator, warehouse staff, purchasing staff, sales staff, purchasing manager, transportation manager, warehouse manager, inventory manager, manager collection management, supply chain management…

In addition, you can hold managerial positions at all levels at businesses and organizations related to logistics and transportation.

After graduation, students can also teach specialized subjects at universities, colleges, professional and vocational schools with related majors; It is possible to enter the international labor market in a professional-related field or continue with further study to further graduate degrees in the fields of Organization and Logistics and Supply Chain Management as well as domestic and international business administration.

* Salary of people working in Logistics and Supply Chain Management?

The average starting salary for fresh graduates is from 7-9 million. According to Persolkelly’s Salary guide 2021 report, the salary in the Logistics industry with employees from 2-5 years of experience is about 400 – 1,500 USD/month. With employees with more experience from 5-15 years, the salary can reach up to 1,000 – 4,000 USD/month.

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* Career advancement opportunities?

After 4 to 6 years of work, workers can rise to the ranks such as supervisor or manager with higher salaries. The position of department manager, business manager may require 10-15 years of experience.

Many alumni of Ho Chi Minh City University of Transport have become managers at all levels from Directors, Deputy Directors to Heads, Deputy Managers and capable specialists in logistics enterprises and manufacturing companies. business, e-commerce companies such as Logistics Center (Saigon Newport Corporation), Cat Lai Port International Logistics Joint Stock Company, Viet Czech Shipbuilding – Cano Company, DHL Company (Germany), UPS Company (USA), Lazada Company, Shopee Company, Gemadept Company, Sotrans Company, Indo Trans Company, Smartlog Company, CMA-CGM Vietnam Shipping Line, Hapag Lloyd Shipping Line, Maersk Shipping Company, Ceva Logistics, LOOKALOOP Company, Thai Beer Company (Thailand), Jion Vina Company (Korea), Schindler Company, Geodis Company…

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